Findings on happiness in Kuiper & Cohen-Kettenis (1988): study NL 1983

Author(s)Kuiper, B.; Cohen-Kettenis, P.T.
TitleSex Reassignment Surgery: A Study of 141 Dutch Transsexuals
SourceArchives of Sexual Behavior, 1988, Vol. 17, 439 - 457
PublicTranssexuals, in treatment and after treatment, Netherlands, 198?
 Age ranged 19-69 Group seperated in FMs-ti (female to male treatment incomplete), FMs-tc (female to male treatment complete), MFs-ti (male to female treatment incomplete) and MFs-tc (male to female treatment complete). FMs-ti (n=11) had all started hormonal therapy, 5 also had at least one surgery. FMs-tc (n=25) had all undergone mastectomy, hysterectomy and oophorectomy, 4 also had had a penoplasty. MFs-ti (n=50) all had started hormonal therapy, 12 had undergone castration and penectomy, 2 had only undergone castration. MFs-tc (n=55) all had a neovagina constructed.
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Patients treated at gender clinic at Free University hospital of Amsterdam
Respondents N =141
 36 FMs (11 FMs-ti, 25 FMs-tc) 105 MFs (50 MFs-ti, 55FMs-tc)
Non Response24.6%
 20.9% did not respond 3.7% refused 18.3% could not be traced (not included in non response)
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksYears not reported, assumed around 1983. Time between intake and evaluation 5 years on average.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel yourself at the time being? Is your present wellbeing.....? 5 very high 4 high 3 moderate 2 rather low 1 low
Author's labelsubjective well-being
Page in publication445
RemarksTransformation to range 010 bt WDH team using linear stretch
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.922.30

Scores in12345

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
completed treatment (vs in treatment)H17aa01fEarlier sexe reassignment
completed treatment (vs in treatment)H17ac03abFull or partial sexe reassignment, also classified as above ↑
completed treatment (vs in treatment)H17ac03bPhase of sexe reassignment, also classified as above ↑
Female to male (vs male to female) gender geassignmentH17ac03aafemale to male, male to female
objective ill-beingC11ab04Coping with specific life-events
objective ill-beingP14abCurrent problems, also classified as above ↑