Findings on happiness in Graney & Graney (1973): study US 1971

Author(s)Graney, M.J.; Graney, E.E.
TitleScaling Adjustment in Older People.
SourceInternational Journal of Aging and Human Development, 1973, Vol. 4, 351 - 359
Public62-89 aged females, USA, 1971
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability systematic random sample.
Respondents N =44
Non Response27%; 24% unattainable, 3% incomplete.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
General remarksSame study reported in GRANE 1973A and GRANE 1974.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelHappiness.
RemarksSlightly positively skewed: 30% happy, 45% neutral, 25% unhappy
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Personal  Current total social participation
Personal  Realization of participation goals, also classified as above ↑