Findings on happiness in Evans et al. (2007): study GB 1994

Author(s)Evans, S.; Banerjee, S.; Huxley, P.J.; Leese, M.
TitleThe Impact of Mental Illness on Quality of Life: A Comparison of Severe Mental Illness, Common Mental Disorder and Healthy Population Samples.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2007, Vol. 16, 17 - 29
PublicMental patients and controls, followed 2 years, UK 1994-2001
 a) Patients of mental hospital, b) community residence with common mental dosorder, c) healthy population.
Last assesment1996
 Mental patients (a) followed from 1994 (T1) to1996 (T2). Community residents (b+c) interviewed in 1999(T1) and 2001(T2)
Survey nameNot available
 a) UK 700 trial of case management, b+c postal survey
SampleMixed samples
 a: Severe mental illness(SMI) : Patients of mental hospital, aged 18-65, diagnosed psychotic of at least 2 years duration, hospitalized at least 2 times, at least one of which prior to recruitement. b: Common mental disorder ( CMD) 18+ aged community residents, participants in postal survey, scoring high on GQH-12 questionnaire. c: Healthy population: 18+ aged community residents, participants in postal survey, scoring low on GQH-12 questionnaire
Respondents N =149
 Severe mental illness (SMI) T1:149, T2:138. Commen mental disorder (CMD) T1: 794, T2 345. Healthy population T1: 1119 T2: 583
Non Response94%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview: How do you feel about your life as a whole......? 7 could not be better 6 5 4 3 2 1 could not be worse Summation: arithmetic mean Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version). Also known as Lehman's 'Global life satisfaction'
Author's labelgeneral life-quality
Page in publication17-29
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
At least monthy family contactshow  Contacts with relatives
Depressed (vs not depressed)show  Depressive (f31-33)
Family oppertunities restrictedshow  Contacts with relatives
Financial opportunities restrictedshow  `objective` poverty
Health opportunities restrictedshow  Degree of restriction
Home owner cf not a home ownershow  House owned or rented
Incomeshow  Current income level (unspecified)
Living situation opportunities restrictedshow  Current resources
Married vs not marriedshow  Married state (compared to non-married states)
Mental healthshow  Actual changes in happiness
Mental healthshow  Change in conditions for happiness, also classified as above ↑
Mental healthshow  Current general mental health , also classified as above ↑
Mental healthshow  In mental hospital, also classified as above ↑
Mental healthshow  Living in a mental hospital, also classified as above ↑
Mental healthshow  Trend behavioral correlates of happiness, also classified as above ↑
Mental health consultedshow  Scores on symptom inventories
positive vsnegative dispositionshow  Positive reacting
Restrictionsshow  Current resources
Safety opppertunities restrictedshow  Satisfaction with safety in vinicity
Timeshow  Perceived time-pressure