Findings on happiness in Munzel et al. (2018): study US 2014

Author(s)Munzel, A.; Galan, J.P.; Meyer-Waarden, L.
TitleThe Social Side of Sustainability: Well-being as a Driver and an Outcome of Social Relationships and Interactions on Social Networking Sites
SourceTechnological Forecasting & Social Change, 2018, Vol. 130, 14 - 27
PublicFacebook users, USA, 2014
 Facebook users. Mean age: 43.22; 56.2 % women; mean number of friends on Facebook 241.01
Survey nameUnnamed study
 Own survey
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 A large online panel asked people to participate in the survey without providing information about the purpose of the survey.
Respondents N =678
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: web
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 23 questions: A Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement right now with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding. a In most ways my life is close to ideal b The conditions of my life are excellent c I am satisfied with my life d So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life e If I could live my life over again, I would change nothing Answers rated: 7 strongly agree 6 agree 5 slightly agree 4 neither agree nor disagree 3 slightly disagree 2 disagree 1 strongly disagree Name: Diener's Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS). B Indicate to what extend you feel this way ... a nervous b distressed c afraid d jittery e irritable f upset g scared h exiled i ashamed j guilty k hostile l active m determined n inspired o attentive p proud q strong r interested Answer options: 1 very slightly or not at all 2 a little 3 moderately 4 quite a bit 5 extremely Affect Balance Score (ABS): (a-k) - (l-r) Name: Watson's PANAS. Time frame not reported Items "enthusiastic" and "alert" removed from original 20 item scale Computation: Standardized SWLS +PA - NA
Author's labelOverall subjective well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on 18 questions: Lead item not reported. A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H excited I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O attentive P proud Q strong R interested Rated: 1: slightly/not at all . . 5 extremely Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to R Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson's PANAS version not reported Items "alert" and "enthusiastic" removed
Author's labelPositive and negative affect
RemarksABS computed by WDH-team Probable scale range -8,4 to +6,0 ?
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -42 - 30On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation