Findings on happiness in Pontarollo et al. (2018): study EC 2015

Author(s)Pontarollo, N.; Bravo, M.O.; Sarmiento, J.S.
TitleThe Determinants of Subjective Wellbeing in A Developing Country: The Ecuadorian Case.
SourceJCR Report, 2018, Nr. 109319, European Commission, Luxembourg
DOIdoi: 10.2760/858865
PublicAdults, Ecuador, 2015
Survey nameEC ENEMDU 2015
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents N =21265
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel regarding all aspects of your life all together? 10 totally happy 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 totally unhappy
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication6
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Age and age squaredA04abCurrent age (in years)
Condition of the walls of the houseH22ab03aQuality of house
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
EmployedE02abCurrent employment status
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
GVA per capita (log regional income)R04ab01bGDP in region
Health insuranceP12ab04Insurances
Home ownerH22ab01Ownership of current dwelling
Household income level p.c.I01ab03Household income
Importance of religionR12ab02Religiosity (degree)
IndigenousE04ab03Ethnic status in specific nations
Inequality in income (GINI)M03ab01bDifference in earning
Institutional trustN11ab31bTrust in institutions in nation
Internet accessI04ab02Access to internet
Leisure timeL03abCurrent leisure time
MarriedM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Natural hazard riskD02aaDevelopment of exposure to disasters
Regional economy dependent on oil productionL12abCurrent economic conditions in vinicity
Socio-economic statusS09ab01'Objective' socio-economic status
Urban areaL13ab02bRural vs urban dwelling
Urban dwellingL13ab02bRural vs urban dwelling