Findings on happiness in Milman (1998): study US 1993

Author(s)Milman, A.
TitleThe Impact of Tourism and Travel Experience on Senior Travelers' Psychological Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Travel Research, 1998, Vol. 37. 166 - 170
Public50+ aged, before and after holiday trip, USA 199?
 Participants of an escorted tour organized by a large Midwestern tour operator. Average age 70, 36% widow, 11% single, 55 divorced, median education high school, median income betweeb 20-30.000 US $. Most experienced travelers
 Year of data gathering not reported .T1: first day of travel, T2: last day of travel
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =124
Non Response59%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Filled out on the first and the last day of trip.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: We would like to ask you some questions about how things have been going. Please answer 'yes' if a statement is true for you and 'no' if it does not apply to you. In the past months have you been feeling A On top of the world? B In high spirits C Particular content with your life? D Lucky? E Bored? F Very lonely or remote from other people? G Depressed or very unhappy? H Flustered because you didn't know what was expected of you? I Bitter about the way your life has turned out? J Generally satisfied with the way your life has turned out? Scoring: 2 = yes 1 = don't know 0 = no Computation: (A+B+C+D+J) - (E+F+G+H+I) + 10 MUNSH Affect Balance Scale
Author's labelAffect
Page in publication167
RemarksT1: PA = 1,46, NA = 0,11, ABS = 1,35 T2: PA = 1,45, NA = 0,12, ABS = 1,33 Values computed by WDH team
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 20On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Full textSelfreport on single question: I am satisfied with my life today 0 no 1 don't know 2 yes Item in Munsh Happiness inventory
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 2On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Before/after tripL03aa01aEarlier travel
Before/after tripH04ab01aRecent happiness (< 1 year ago), also classified as above ↑
Before/after tripL03ac02kTraveling, also classified as above ↑