Findings on happiness in Nyklícek & Kuijpers (2008): study NL 2005

Author(s)Nyklícek, I.; Kuijpers, K.F.
TitleEffects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Intervention on Psychological Well-being and Quality of Life: Is Increased Mindfulness Indeed the Mechanism?
SourceAnnals of Behavioral Medicine, 2008, Vol. 35, 331- 340
PublicDistressed adults, the Netherlands, 2005
Survey nameUnnamed study
 Own survey
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Participants were recruited by a local newspaper advertisement: "In fall, a mindfulness-based training at reducing feelings of distress will start at Tilburg University. Because this training is linked to an investigation into its precise effectiveness, the training is offered for free. Participants were selceted by asking them "how often would you say do you feel distressed?" Only participants who answered 'regularly' or 'often' were selected. Exclusion criteria were a) suffering from a serious psychological disorder or b) insufficient knowledge of the Dutch language, The 60 selected respondents were randomized into an intervention group and a waitinglist-control group. Eventually 57 respondents remained.
Respondents N =57
 Women: 38; men: 19
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 At baseline, before the intervention, all participants completed all questionnaires at their homes. After randomization into the intervention and the waiting-list control group, the intervention group started the MBSR training at a meditation center in Tilburg. The current intervention completely followed the standard MBSR protocol as developed by Kabat-Zinn [1]. The training consisted of eight weekly group (15 persons) sessions with a duration of 150 min. In the sixth week, an additional session of practice in silence with a duration of 6 h was included. The intervention consisted of three primary components: (1) theoretical material related to relaxation, meditation, and body/mind connections; (2) experiential practice of meditation and yoga both during group meetings and at home on a daily basis, and (3) a group process focused on problem solving related to impediments to effective practice, day-today applications of mindfulness, and supportive interaction. In addition, a booklet was provided containing information relevant to each week’s instruction. Participants were instructed to practice daily for at least 40 min.After 8 weeks at the end of the training, both participants in the MBSR group and those in the waiting-list control group were asked again to complete the questionnaire set assessing mindfulness, psychological well-being, and quality of life (follow-up). Hereafter, the control group also received the MBSR training.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on 20 items Below are a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Please read each item carefully and then circle the appropriate number next to that word. Indicate to what extent you have felt this way lately. Please use the following scale to record your answers 0= NOT AT ALL 1= A LITTLE BIT 2= MODERATELY 3= QUITE A BIT 4=EXTREMELY a. Wearied b. Active c. Worn out d. Dynamic e. Bright f. Helpless g. Hard-working h. Feeble i. Lively j. Physically weak k. Listless l. Tired m. Enterprising n. Relaxed o. Insecure p. Sociable q. Cheerful r. Fatigued s. Weakened t. Self-confident COMPUTE (b+d+e+g+i+m+n+p+q+t) - (a+c+f+h+j+k+l+o+r+s) Global Mood Scale (GMS) Scale range -40 to + 40
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Page in publication332-333
RemarksABS computed by WDH-team from unweighed averages of experimental and control group at T1 and T2.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)show  Actual changes in happiness
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)show  Biblio therapy, also classified as above ↑
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)show  Coping with stress, also classified as above ↑
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)show  Course, class, training group, also classified as above ↑
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)show  Current meditation, also classified as above ↑
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)show  Meditating,praying, also classified as above ↑
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)show  Meditation, mindfullness, also classified as above ↑
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)show  Mixed educational methods, also classified as above ↑
Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)show  Support group with professional, also classified as above ↑