Findings on happiness in Graney (1975): study US 1967

Author(s)Graney, M.J.
TitleHappiness and Social Participation in Aging.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1975, Vol. 30, 701 - 706
Public62-89 aged females, followed 4 years, USA, 1967-71
Last assesment1971
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability systematic random sample.
Respondents N =44
Non Response27%; 24% unattainable, 3% incomplete.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 at home.
General remarksSame study also reported in GRANE 1973A and 1973B
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelHappiness
RemarksSlightly positively skewed: 30% happy, 45% neutral, 25% unhappy (in 1971).
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Association attendanceshow  Attendance to meetings
Association member- shipsshow  Membership of voluntary organizations
Attending religious servicesshow  Participation in church
Attending religious services more oftenshow  Change in religion
Changes in social activities over 4 yearsshow  Change in amount of organizational participation
Changes in social activities over 4 yearsshow  Change in personal contacts, also classified as above ↑
Changes in social activities over 4 yearsshow  Change in total social participation, also classified as above ↑
Contacts with friends and relativesshow  Current contacts
Contacts with neighborsshow  Current contacts
Contacts with neighborsshow  Social contacts in vinicity, also classified as above ↑
Frequency of telephone useshow  Current contacts
Listening more to the radioshow  Change in specific leisure activities
Listening to radioshow  Tv watching, radio listening
Readingshow  Reading
Reading moreshow  Change in specific leisure activities
Watching more televisionshow  Change in specific leisure activities
Watching televisionshow  Tv watching, radio listening