Findings on happiness in Lin et al. (2008): study TW 2004

Author(s)Lin, P.C.; Fetzer, S.J.; Yen, M
TitleQuality of life in elders living alone in Taiwan
SourceJournal of Clinical Nursing, 2008, Vol. 17, 1610 - 1617
DOIdoi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2007.02081.x
PublicElderly, aged 66-90, Taiwan, 2004
 Year assumed by WDH-team (not reported)
Survey nameNot available
 Own survey. Questions were used from the WHOQOL-BREF survey and translated into Mandarin.
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
 Two administrative units were randomly selected from the required Household Registrations of Tainan City and Tainan County, Taiwan. From these two units a random sample of 200 elders who lived alone was selected from the names provided by the Bureau of Public Health. A power analysis determined that a minimum of 129 subjects was required to detect differences (alpha 005, 80% power, p<005) based on a small effect size (025). Non-institutionalized elders had to be at least 65 years old, able to communicate in Taiwanese or Mandarin and cognitively intact as evidenced by a score over 6 on the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (SPMSQ) (Pfeiffer 1975).
Respondents N =192
 The data-producing sample included 192 Taiwanese elders who provided informed consent.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How would you rate your quality of life? 1 very poor 2 poor 3 neither poor nor good 4 good 5 very good
Author's labelOverall quality of life
Page in publication1612-1613
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.90