Findings on happiness in Bakker & VandeBerg (1974): study NL 1968

Author(s)Bakker, P.; VandeBerg, N.
TitleDeterminanten en Correlaten van Geluk.(Determinants and Correlates of Happiness).
SourceUnpublished Thesis, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1974, Netherlands
Public20-65 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1968
Collect period6
Survey nameNot available
 Dutch health survey (Aakster 1972)
SampleNot available
 Probability area sample. In comparison with the total population underrepresentation of single persons; women from the northern, eastern and southern parts of the Netherlands, and people living in the smaller cities.
Respondents N =1552
Non Response34% refusal and unattainable.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
General remarks.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: "Generally speaking are you a happy person.......?" Responses were made on an open line scale, and were later coded in 7 categories: 1 very unhappy 2 3 4 5 6 7 very happy.
Author's labelHappiness.
Error estimatessigns of correlations reversed
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation2.27

Scores in1234567

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Amount of sleepS04ab01Amount of sleep
Being pregnantB03ac03bPregnant
Cluster of variables associated with depressionL09abCurrent life-style
Cluster of variables associated with depressionL04ag01Life-stress inventories, also classified as above ↑
Cluster of variables associated with neurosisL09abCurrent life-style
Cluster of variables associated with neurosisL04ag01Life-stress inventories, also classified as above ↑
Community sizeL13ab02Community size
Consumption of alcoholS13ab01Use of alcohol
Consumption of tobaccoS13ab08Use of tobacco
DepressionM15ac04bFeeling down (vs not)
Dislike othersP05cy01Tendency to like people
Doubt about meaning-fulness of own exis-tenceL04ac01kMeaningful (vs useless)
Eating habitsN15ab04What one eats
Educational levelE01ab02Level of school-education
Frequency of bathingH12ab03Hygiene
Getting on well withother peopleI07ad01Ability to maintain intimate contacts
Giving oneself easilyI07ad01Ability to maintain intimate contacts
Life changeL05aa01Earlier life-change
Life changeL06aa01aBurden of earlier life-events
Like to have other people aroundS06ac01Concern about personal contacts
Moving one's limbs easilyH14ac02bRestrictions in moving
Number of childrenC03ab01Number of children
Number of doctor's consultsH17ab01Visits to doctor
Psycho-somatic complaintsH15abCurrent psycho-somatic complaints
Recent illnessH14ab04Days ill
S.E.SS09ab01'Objective' socio-economic status
Satisfaction with daily activitiesA02ad03Satisfaction with activity pattern
Satisfaction with familyF03ac02Satisfaction with family-life
Satisfaction with friendsF06ah04Satisfaction with friends
Satisfaction with healthH14af04Satisfaction with health
Satisfaction with heighborhoodL16ac03Satisfaction with local environment
Satisfaction with housingH22ae02Satisfaction with housing
Satisfaction with incomeI01af05aSatisfaction with income
Satisfaction with love lifeL19ac02Satisfaction with love-life
Satisfaction with love lifeS03ac03Satisfaction with sex-life, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with marriageM03ac03Satisfaction with marriage
Satisfaction with possibilities to pursue one's hobbiesL03ad03bSatisfaction with leisure activities
Satisfaction with S.E.SS09ad02Satisfaction with own status
Social mobility_AS05ab01Inter-generational mobility
Social mobility_BS05ab02aOver/under-achievement
Subjective adapta- tion to changeC11ab03aSelf-perceived success
Subjective health feelingH14ab02eFeeling healthy
Trust in other peopleT04ab02Trust in people
Trust in other peopleP05diTrusting, also classified as above ↑
Worries about family membersF03ac01Concern about family
Worries about family membersF02ag01Concern about family, also classified as above ↑
Worrying about health of self and familyH14af01Concerns about health