Findings on happiness in Garber (1971): study US California 1970

Publication
Author(s)Garber, D.L.
TitleRetired Soldiers in Second Careers: Self-Assessed Change, Reference Group Salience, and Psychological Well-Being.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Southern California, 1971, USA
Investigation
PublicMiddle-aged, presently employed army retirees, California, USA, 1970
Collect period8
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability simple random sample of retired Army personnel residing in Los Angeles and Orange Counties. Afterwards those Ss were selected who have had a military career of at least 10 years and are currently engaged in a civilian career.
Respondents N =362
Non Response63% of which 21% no return of questionnaire, 13% incomplete and 29% refusal
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
ClassificationA-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's labelPsychological well-being.
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range -5 - 5On range 0 - 10
Mean5.976.20
Standard deviation


Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Civilian reference group salience aftermilitary retirementM12ad03Perceived effects of change in militairy life
Civilian reference group salience aftermilitary retirementR14ag01Self-definition in terms of earlier job, also classified as above ↑
Increase in occupat-ional prestige aftermilitary retirementM12ad03Perceived effects of change in militairy life
Military reference group salience aftermilitary retirementM12ad03Perceived effects of change in militairy life
Military reference group salience aftermilitary retirementR14ag01Self-definition in terms of earlier job, also classified as above ↑
Self-perceived amount of change in occupationR14ac01Post-retirement job
Self-perceived amount of change in occupational roleM12ad03Perceived effects of change in militairy life
Self-perceived increase in occupational prestigeO01aa03aAdvancement in current job
Self-perceived increase in occupational prestigeR14ac01Post-retirement job, also classified as above ↑