Findings on happiness in Laukka (2007): study SE 2006

Author(s)Laukka, P.
TitleUses of Music and Psychological Well-Being among the Elderly.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 215 - 241
Public65-75 aged, Sweden, 2006
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability simple random sample
 sample drawn from Swedish population register
Respondents N =280
Non Response43
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 6 questions: A number of statements that people have used to describe how they feel are given below. Read each one and circle the number that best describes how frequently that statement was true for you in the past seven days, including today. Some statements describe positive feelings and some describe negative feelings. You may have experienced both positive and negative feelings at different times in the past week. A I felt dissatisfied with my life B I felt happy C I felt cheerless D I felt pleased with the way I am E I felt life was enjoyable F I felt life was meaningless Answer options: 0 never 1 rarely 2 sometimes 3 often Negative affect score (NAS): A + C + F Positive affect score (PAS): B + D + E Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Joseph's 'Short Depression-Happiness Scale' (SDHS)
Author's labelSDHS
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Educational levelE01ab02Level of school-education
Emotional stabilityP05dbStable
explained variance (regression analysis)L03ac02aaMusic listening
explained variance (regression analysis)S15ab23Socio-demographic + health + personality + life style, also classified as above ↑
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Health statusH14abCurrent general health status
Listening strategiesL03ac02aaMusic listening
Year of birthA04abCurrent age (in years)