Findings on happiness in Baker (2011): study US 2008

Author(s)Baker, M.
TitleIt's Good to Be Gratefull: Gratitude Interventions at Work
SourceMsC Thesis, 2011, Department of Psychology, East Carolina University, USA
PublicStudents employed for > 10 hours a week, , USA, 2008
 Mean age = 24 years, average work experience = 6.8 years, females = 59.4 %
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability self-selected
 Students were granted participation credits upon completion of study
Respondents N =165
 Original sample n = 180
Non ResponseNot available
 Dropout during treatment 15% Dropout during follow-up 29%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: web
General remarksyear of data gathering not reported, assumed 2008
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 20 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you generally feel this way, that is, how you feel on average? A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H exiled I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O enthusiastic P alert Q attentive R proud S strong T interested Answer options: 1 very slightly or not at all 2 a little 3 moderately 4 quite a bit 5 very much Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('in general' version)
Author's labelPositive and negative affect
Page in publication14-15
RemarksT1 Affect balance computed by WDH-tean subtracting NA from PA
Error estimatesCronbachs alpha PA = 0.85 Cronbachs alpha NA = 0.85
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -4 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Gratitude interventionH16ad03kbGratitude training
Gratitude interventionH16ae05bOn invitation, payed in money or study credit, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude interventionH16ae06bSchool, also classified as above ↑