Findings on happiness in Chan (2013): study HK 2011

Author(s)Chan, D.W.
TitleCounting blessings versus misfortunes: positive interventions and subjective well-being of Chinese school teachers in Hong Kong
SourceEducational Psychology, 2013, Vol. 33, 504-519
PublicSchool teachers, Hongkong, 2011
 81% female, mean age 33.7 years, mean teachers experience 9.2 years
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability self-selected
 Recruitments through invitation notice posted at the author's webpage
Respondents N =78
 Initial sample n = 81
Non ResponseNot available
 Drop out 4%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: web
General remarksYear of data gathering not reported; assumed 2011
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 20 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way in general?: A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H exiled I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O enthusiastic P alert Q attentive R proud S strong T interested Answer options: 1 not at all 2 a little 3 moderately 4 quite a bit 5 extremely Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson et al's PANAS (in general version)
Author's labelPositive and Negative Affect Schedule
Page in publication508
RemarksT1 Affect Balance computed by WDH-team subtracting NA from PA
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -40 - 40On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Gratitude interventionshow  Gratitude training