Findings on happiness in Owens & Patterson (2013): study US 2008

Author(s)Owens, R.L.; Patterson, M.M.
TitlePositive Psychological Interventions for Children: A Comparison of Gratitude and Best Possible Selves Approaches
SourceThe Journal of Genetic Psychology, 2013, Vol. 174, 403-428
Public5-11 aged children participating in a psychological training and controls, USA, 200?
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 Participants were recruited from three after-school care sites and two summer day camp programs. Each of the after-school care sites was assigned to an intervention condition (i.e., gratitude, best possible selves, or control) and individual children at the summer day camp programs were randomly assigned to an intervention condition.
Respondents N =62
 22 Treated Gratitude 23 Treated Bests possible self 17 Controls
Non ResponseNot available
 Original sample n = 80, drop out 22.5%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksYear of study not reported, assumed 2008
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 30 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past few weeks? A Interested B Sad C Frightened D Alert E Excited F Ashamed G Upset H Happy I Strong J Nervous K Guilty L Energetic M Scared N Calm O Miserable P Jittery Q Cheerful R Active S Proud T Afraid U Joyful V Lonely W Mad X Fearless Y Disgusted Z Delighted AA Blue AB Daring AC Gloomy AD Lively Answer options: 1 very slightly or not at all 2 a little 3 moderately 4 quite a bit 5 extremely Negative affect score (NAS): B, C, F, G, J, K, M, O, P, T, V, W, Y, AA, AC Positive affect score (PAS):A, D, E, H, I, L, N, Q, R, S, U, X, Z, AB, AD Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson et al's PANAS. Adapted for children by Laurent et al. (Version PANAS-C)
Author's labelPANAS-C
Page in publication412
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Positive psychological intervention for childrenshow  Best possible self exercise
Positive psychological intervention for childrenshow  Gratitude training, also classified as above ↑
Positive psychological intervention for childrenshow  Training for mental growth (positive psychology), also classified as above ↑