Findings on happiness in Maltby et al. (2005): study GB 2004

Author(s)Maltby, J.; Barber, L.; Day, L.
TitleForgiveness and Happiness. The Differing Contexts of Forgiveness using the Distinction between Hedonic and Eudaimonic Happiness.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2005, Vol. 6, 1 - 13
PublicStudents, United Kingdom, 2005
 Age: 18-56 years old; M=22,45; SD= 6,8 Males: 116; Females: 128
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability stratified sample
Respondents N =244
 Males: N= 116; Females: N=128
Non Responsenot reported
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 6 questions: A number of statements that people have used to describe how they feel are given below. Read each one and circle the number that best describes how frequently that statement was true for you in the past seven days, including today. Some statements describe positive feelings and some describe negative feelings. You may have experienced both positive and negative feelings at different times in the past week. A I felt dissatisfied with my life B I felt happy C I felt cheerless D I felt pleased with the way I am E I felt life was enjoyable F I felt life was meaningless Answer options: 0 never 1 rarely 2 sometimes 3 often Negative affect score (NAS): A + C + F Positive affect score (PAS): B + D + E Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Joseph's 'Short Depression-Happiness Scale' (SDHS)
Author's labelHedonic Happiness
Page in publication1, 6
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Depression-Happiness scaleshow  Life-adjustment inventories
Forgivenessshow  Forgiving
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Negative affectshow  Forgiving
Negative behaviorshow  Forgiving
Negative cognitionshow  Forgiving
Positive affectshow  Forgiving
Positive behaviorshow  Forgiving
Positive cognitionshow  Forgiving