Findings on happiness in Ward et al. (2016): study NZ 2014

Author(s)Ward, J.S.; Duncan, J.S.; Jarden, A.
TitleThe Impact of Childrenīs Exposure to Greenspace on Physical Activity, Cognitive Development, Emotional Wellbeing, and Ability to Appraise Risk.
SourceHealth & Place, 2016, Vol. 40, 44 - 50
PublicBasic school children, followed 7 days, New Zealand, 2014
 Participants aged 11-14 years, 3 intermediate schools
Collect period9th September
Last collect period1st December
 Over a 7-day period
Survey nameUnnamed study
 Students completed surveys, performed computerised testing, and had physical measures taken. September-December 2014.
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 Inclusion criteria: students enrolled in school years 7 and 8, approporiate English language comprehension Exclusion criteria: Physical disability that impaired mobility, cognitive impairment likely to affect the ability to complete testing
Respondents N =112
 46 boys, 66 girls, aged 11-14.
Non Response9 schools
AssesmentMultiple methods
 Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and geolocational date were recorded using accelerometers and portable global positioning systems (GPS) receivers, Body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were calculated from heigh, weight, and waist circumference; online cognitive testing, computer risk appraisal tool, questionnaire for assessing emotional wellbeing and sensation seeking characteristics
General remarksData analysis: February - May 2015
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: "overall happiness.."(full question not reported 10 my life is very happy 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 my life is very unhappy
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication48
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Greenspace exposureT01ad05aTime spend in nature
Percentage time in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)A01ab01Physical activity
Percentage time in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)T01ad05bTime spend sporting, also classified as above ↑