Findings on happiness in Ward et al. (2016): study NZ 2014

Author(s)Ward, J.S.; Duncan, J.S.; Jarden, A.
TitleThe Impact of Childrenīs Exposure to Greenspace on Physical Activity, Cognitive Development, Emotional Wellbeing, and Ability to Appraise Risk.
SourceHealth & Place, 2016, Vol. 40, 44 - 50
PublicBasic school children, followed 7 days, New Zealand, 2014
 Participants aged 11-14 years, 3 intermediate schools
Collect period9th September
Last collect period1st December
 Over a 7-day period
Survey nameUnnamed study
 Students completed surveys, performed computerised testing, and had physical measures taken. September-December 2014.
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 Inclusion criteria: students enrolled in school years 7 and 8, approporiate English language comprehension Exclusion criteria: Physical disability that impaired mobility, cognitive impairment likely to affect the ability to complete testing
Respondents N =112
 46 boys, 66 girls, aged 11-14.
Non Response9 schools
AssesmentMultiple methods
 Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and geolocational date were recorded using accelerometers and portable global positioning systems (GPS) receivers, Body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were calculated from heigh, weight, and waist circumference; online cognitive testing, computer risk appraisal tool, questionnaire for assessing emotional wellbeing and sensation seeking characteristics
General remarksData analysis: February - May 2015
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: "overall happiness.."(full question not reported 10 my life is very happy 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 my life is very unhappy
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication48
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Greenspace exposureshow  Time spend in nature
Percentage time in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)show  Physical activity
Percentage time in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)show  Time spend sporting, also classified as above ↑