Findings on happiness in Demir et al. (2007): study US 2007

Author(s)Demir, M.; Ozdemir, M.; Weitekamp, L.A.
TitleLooking to HappyTomorrows with Friends: Best and Close Friendships as They Predict Happiness.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 243 - 271
Public18+ aged, university students, USA
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Respondents N =280
 some subjects had to be excluded, because they had less than 3 friends resulting N = 224
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 20 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past few weeks? A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H exiled I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O enthusiastic P alert Q attentive R proud S strong T interested Answer options: a 1 very slightly or not at all b 2 a little c 3 moderately d 4 quite a bit e 5 extremely Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('past few weeks' version)
Author's labelPANAS
Page in publication252
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Friendship quality and conflictshow  FRIENDSHIP
Gendershow  GENDER