Findings on happiness in Sheldon & Lyubomirsky (2006a): study US 2001 /1

Author(s)Sheldon, K.M.; Lyubomirsky, S.
TitleAchieving Sustainable Gains in Happiness: Change Your Actions not Your Circumstances.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2006, Vol.7, 55 - 86
PublicPsychology students, USA, followed 12 weeks, 200?
 Year of data gathering not reported T1: at start of semester, T2: 6 weeks later, T3: 12 weeks later
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 Students of a psychology class
Respondents N =204
 136 female, 68 male
Non Response26%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 25 questions A 20-item PANAS To what extend do you feel this way right now in your life? Aa nervous Ab distressed Ac afraid Ad jittery Ae irritable Af upset Ag scared Ah exiled Ai ashamed Aj guilty Ak hostile Al active Am determined An inspired Ao enthusiastic Ap alert Aq attentive Ar proud As strong At interested B 5-item Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener) Ba In most ways my life is close to ideal Bb The conditions of my life are excellent Bc I am satisfied with my life Bd So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life Be If I could live my life over, I would change nothing Answer options: 1 not at all 2 a little 3 moderately 4 quite a bit 5 very much Computation: (Aa +..Ak) - (Al+.. At) + (Ba+ …Be)
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.43

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Change in SWBshow  In recent past
circumstantial changeshow  Overall degree of life-change