Findings on happiness in Graney (1973): study US 1967

Author(s)Graney, M.J.
TitleThe Affect Balance Scale and Old Age.
SourcePaper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Sociological Society, 1973, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Public62-89 aged females, followed 4 years USA, 1967-71
Last assesment1971
 T1: 1967 T2: 1971
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability systematic random sample of residents of public housing for the elderly from the rosters of a metropolitan housing and redevelopment authority.
Respondents N =44
Non Response27%; 24% unattainable, 3% incomplete.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Sructured interview at home.
General remarksSame study reported in GRANE 1973B and GRANE 1974.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelHappiness.
RemarksSlightly positively skewed: 30% happy, 45% neutral, 25% unhappy (in 1971)
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Age difference among elderly
Cosmopolitan orientation towards social participationshow  Concern about organizational participation
Gains in social status over 4 yearsshow  Change in freedom
Gains in social status over 4 yearsshow  Change in resources, also classified as above ↑
Gains in social status over 4 yearsshow  Specific current life-events, also classified as above ↑
Physical abilityshow  Degree of restriction