Findings on happiness in Welsch (2002a): study ZZ 1990

Author(s)Welsch, H.
TitlePreferences over Prosperity and Pollution: Environmental Valuation based on Happiness Surveys.
SourceKyklos, 2002, Vol. 55, 473 - 494
PublicAdults, general public, 54 nations, 1990s
 N= year 1990:9, 1991:4, 1993:1, 1995:14, 1996:25, 1997:1
Survey nameNot available
 Various surveys gathered in World Database of Happiness, States of Nations 2001
SampleMixed samples
 Non probability sample of nations, probability samples within nations
Respondents N =75000
 N varies between 1000 and 2000 per nation
Non Responsen.a.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, would you say you are.....? 4 very happy 3 quite happy 2 not very happy 1 not at all happy.
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication490
RemarksMedian=2,806 Range=2,068-3,240 Responses to this type of question (1+4a) taken from World Database of Happiness. If data was available for more than 1 year, the year closest to 1995 was taken
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.32

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Air pollutantsN05ab05Environmental quality
RationalityN02ab02aa% higher educated in nation
RationalityN14ab04dSpecialization in nation, also classified as above ↑
Water pollutantsN05ab05Environmental quality