Findings on happiness in Gurman (1972): study US 1970

Author(s)Gurman, A.S.
TitleTherapists' Mood Patterns and Therapeutic Facilitativeness.
SourceJournal of Counseling Psychology, 1972, Vol. 19, 169 -170
DOIDOI: 10.1037/h0032407
PublicStudent psychotherapists, Columbia University, USA, 1970
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability chunk sample of postinternship doctoral students in clinical and counseling psychology. 7 males, 5 females; mean age 29.3
Respondents N =12
Non Response-
AssesmentContent analysis
 Content analysis of psychotherapy sessions and structured questionnaire.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question, answered every evening before retiring during six weeks (experience sampling) "On average; how elated or depressed, happy or unhappy you felt today....? 10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy 9 Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous delight and buoyancy 8 Elated and in high spirits 7 Feeling very good and cheerful 6 Feeling pretty good , "OK" 5 Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so 4 Spirits low and somewhat 'blue' 3 Depressed and feeling very low. Definitely 'blue' 2 Tremendously depressed. Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful" 1 Utter depression and gloom. Completely down. All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over. Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - depression scale'
Author's labelElation.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Therapist's functioningH16af01Behavior of therapist
Therapist's functioningP05PERSONALITY: CURRENT TRAITS, also classified as above ↑