Findings on happiness in Trzcinski & Holst (2006): study DE 2001

Author(s)Trzcinski, E.; Holst, E.
TitleSetting the Set Point. Initial Predictors of Life Satisfaction in Early Adulthood.
SourceDiscussion paper 558, DIW (German Institute for Economic Research), 2006, Berlin, Germany
Public17 aged, Germany, 2001-2004
Survey nameDE-SOEP
 German Social Economic Panel, 2001-2004, youth questionnaire.
SampleProbability stratified sample
 17 years aged, selected from a representative sample of households
Respondents N =1202
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied." 10 totally satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 totally unsatisfied
Author's labelSubjective Life Satisfaction
Page in publication10
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.521.52

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Employment status of  Working mother
Employment status of  Unemployment of parents
Family compositionshow  Family composition (earlier for adults, current for young)
Family compositionshow  Number of parents (broken home), also classified as above ↑
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Household incomeshow  Household income
Life satisfaction of the mothershow  Happiness of parents
Living in West-Germanyshow  Region in Germany
Mothers' assessment of major worries about financial situationshow  Hardship in family of origin
Nationalityshow  Ethnic status in Germany
Number of important relationshipsshow  Current number of friends
Number of important relationshipsshow  Number of close friends, also classified as above ↑
Number of important relationshipsshow  Number of friends/acquaintances, also classified as above ↑
Number of important relationshipsshow  Number of relatives, also classified as above ↑
Own assessment of probability of success in education and workshow  Expectattions about social advancement
Personal controlshow  Inner locus of control
Relationship with fathershow  Relations with parents
Relationship with mothershow  Perceived quality of intimate ties
Relationship with mothershow  Relations with parents, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with gradesshow  Satisfaction with own school-performance