Findings on happiness in Sheldon & Kasser (1998): study US 1998

Author(s)Sheldon, K.M.; Kasser, T.
TitlePursuing Personal Goals: Skills Enable Progress, but not all Progress is Benefical.
SourcePersonality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 1998, Vol. 24, 1319 - 1331
PublicStudents, USA, 1998
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 students of a social psychology course
Respondents N =154
 24 males, 66 females
Non Response59%
 Dropouts were significantly lower in the ability to budget time
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport of daily mood on 9 questions 'Please indicate how much of each emotion you felt today A happy B depressed, blue C joyful D pleased E frustrated F angry, hostile G enjoyment, fun H worried, anxious I unhappy Answer options: 1 not at all 2 very slight 3 somewhat 4 moderate amount 5 much 6 very much 7 extremely much Options presented horizontally Computation: (A+C+D+G)-(B+E+F+H+I) Name: Diener's 'Daily Mood scale'
Author's labelshort-term well-being
Page in publication7
RemarksTime 1 (at beginning of semester) M=9.69 Time 2 (12 weeks later) M=5.34
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -6 - 6On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation13.28

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
goal progressshow  Perceived realization of life-goal set
goal progressshow  Successful (vs failure), also classified as above ↑