Findings on happiness in Matthews et al. (1990): study GB 1986

Author(s)Matthews, G.; Chamberlain, A.G.; Jones, D.M.
TitleRefining the Measurement of Mood: The UWIST Mood Adjective Checklist.
SourceBritish Journal of Psychology, 1990, Vol. 81, 17 - 42
PublicStudents and volunteers for a keyboard training program, UK, 1986-89
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =388
 Data for the factor analysis were taken from the 6 studies using the full version of the UMCL, giving total N of 388
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 8 questions: frequent one experienced in the past few weeks.. A happy B satisfied C contented D cheerful E sorry F sad G depressed H dissatisfied Rated for applicability: 4 definitely 3 slightly 2 slightly not 1 definitely not Summation: (A+B+C+D) - (E+F+G+H) Name: Hedonic Tone (HT) subscale of UWIST mood adjective checklist (Mathews et. al. 1990)
Author's labelhedonic tone
Page in publication23
Remarks-48 mood adjective items were selected from the adjective checklist of Sjoberg et al. (1979), Thayer (1967) and Mackay et al. (1978) to measure three hypothesized dimensions of energetic arousal, tense arousal, and hedonic tone/pleasure-displeasure. -Adjectives were presented at random. Ss were instructed to rate the applicability of each adjective to their present mood as "definitely", "slightly", "slightly not", or "definitely not" with 4 to 1 score.
Error estimatesalpha = .88
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -12 - 12On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation5.00

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Energetic arousalshow  Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Energetic arousalshow  Feeling tranquil (vs restless), also classified as above ↑
General arousal (tense & energetic)show  Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
General arousal (tense & energetic)show  Feeling tranquil (vs restless), also classified as above ↑
Tense arousalshow  Feeling energetic (vs lethargic, tired)
Tense arousalshow  Feeling tranquil (vs restless), also classified as above ↑