Findings on happiness in Veenhoven (2008b): study ZZ 1995

Author(s)Veenhoven, R.
TitleComparability of Happiness accross Nations.
SourceSchool of Sociology and Social Work Journal no.104, Kwansei Gakuin University, 2008, Kobe, Japan.
PublicAdults, general public, 98 nations, 2000s
 Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia, Brazil, Britain, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech.Rep., Denmark, DominicanRep., Egypt, ElSalvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany-E., Germany, Gernamy-W., Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Hondurs, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Irak, Ireland-N., Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgisthan, Latvia, Libanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Mali, Malta, Mexico, Moldavia, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, NewZealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Peru, Phillippines, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania, Russia, S-Africa, S-Korea, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Singpore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switserland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, USA, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zimbabwe.
Survey nameNot available
 various surveys gathered in World Database of Happiness, States of nations
SampleMixed samples
 Non probality samples of nations, Probabillity samples within nations
Respondents N =150000
 Sample size varies between 1000 and 2000 per nation
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days? 0 dissatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
1990s mood (Affect Balance scale)H07aa02Overall Happiness and Hedonic Affect-level
CorruptionN07ab01Corruption in nation
Discrimination of womenN14ab02cGender inequality (women emancipation) in nation
Disparity in happinessN14ab02haInequality in happiness in nation
Disparity in incomesN04abCurrent economic condition of the nation
Disparity in incomesN14ab02dIncome inequality in nation, also classified as above ↑
IndividualismN14ab04cIndividualization in nation, also classified as above ↑
Personal freedomN14ab01aPrivate freedom in nations
Political freedomN12NATION: POLITICS
Political freedomN14ab01bPolitical freedom in nation, also classified as above ↑
Purchasing power per headN04ab01bPurchasing power (`real' gnp pc)
Respect of civil rightsN07ab03Human-rights protection in nation
same languageN02abCurrent cultural conditions the nation
Social securityN04ab11ceSocial security in nation
Suicide ratesN09ab01dcSuicide in nation
ToleranceN11ab30Tolerance in nation
Trust in compatriotsN11ab30Tolerance in nation
Trust in compatriotsN11ab31aTrust in fellow-man in nation, also classified as above ↑
Voluntary workN14ab03cSocial cohesion in nation