Findings on happiness in Hacker & Gaitz (1969): study US 1966

Author(s)Hacker, S.L.; Gaitz, C.M.
TitleThe Moral Career of the Elderly Mental Patient.
SourceGerontologist, 1969, Vol. 9, 120 - 127
PublicAged mental patients, 1 year after admission, USA, 1966
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability purposive sample, using patients in a psychiatric screening- ward, 1 year after entrance. 18 Ss in state hospital, 18 Ss released (13 had been in state hospital).
Respondents N =36
Non Response66% drop-outs: 33% dead, 17% could not be located, 16% inco-herent or refusal.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 using open-ended questions, spaced one year apart.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelPsychological well-being.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
In treatmentshow  Before and after entrance
In treatmentshow  Before and after leave, also classified as above ↑
In treatmentshow  In mental hospital, also classified as above ↑