Findings on happiness in Knabe et al. (2009): study DE 2008

Author(s)Knabe, A.; Rätzel, S.; Schöb, R.; Weimann, J.
TitleDissatisfied with Life, but Having a Good Day: Time-Use and Well-Being of the Unemployed.
SourceCESIFO Working Paper, no. 2604, CES, 2009, Munich, Germany.
PublicFulltime employed and long-term unemployed, Germany, 2008
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Unemployed individuals were asked to participate in the local employment office and employed were asked by phone.
Respondents N =737
 N= Magdeburg region, employed: 195 unemployed: 171 and Berlin region, employed: 171 unemployed: 177
Non Response23
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfrating of feeling during activities in previous day Respondents listed activities of the previous day in a standard diary and next rated how the had felt during each of these activities on the following aspects: A Lethargic, dull B Enjoying myself C Insecure, anxious D Happy E Frustrated, anoyed F Relaxed G Stressed H Comfortable, at ease Each rated: 0 not at all . . 10 very much Computation: (B+D+F+H)/4 - (A+C+E+G)/4 Name: Day Reconstruction Method (DRM), Net Affect
Author's labelNet affect
Page in publication5
RemarksAverage affect doing all activities of the day: M= employed individuals: 4,23 unemployed individuals: 4,24
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -10 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole these days? 0 not at all satisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 very satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication1
RemarksEmployed individuals M=7,11 unemployed individuals M=4,58
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
ChildrenC03ab01Number of children
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Employment statusE02abCurrent employment status
Employment statusE02ab03Unemployed involuntary, also classified as above ↑
General goodness of previous day compared to an average dayM15ab03Yesterday's mood
Goodness of work activity yesterday compared to an average dayM15ad04Mood during work
Health satisfactionH14af04Satisfaction with health
IncomeI01ab03Household income
Married / cohabitingH20ab01Living alone or not
Net effectH07aa02fO-SL by A-AB
Physical well-being yesterday compared to an average dayH14ab02Self-perceived health
Weekdays and weekendsI06aa01aDay of the week