Findings on happiness in Tiedje et al. (1990): study US 1985

Author(s)Tiedje, L.B.; Downey, G.; Wortman, C.B.
TitleWomen with Multiple Roles: Role-Compatibility Perceptions, Satisfaction, and Mental Health.
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 1990, Vol. 52, 63 - 72
PublicMarried women with a preschool child, USA, 1985
 Full-time working college professors and middle-level managers, mean age 35 years
Survey nameNot available
 First wave of a longitudinal study of role conflict and stress
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
 Female university professors were identified from lists of instructional faculty at the four largest universities in Michigan and the two largest universities in the Chicago area. Business women were selected from companies in geographic proximity to the universities. Targeted were all companies with 50 or more employees in four industries that attract female professionallevel employees: banking, accounting, law, and advertising. The sampling frame was stratified by size into small, medium, and large companies, and companies were randomly selected from within these strata to obtain an even distribution of participants across the four types of companies.
Respondents N =158
Non Response22%
 Total sample: 200
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 2 hours at home or workplace
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel about your life as a whole.....? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication67
RemarksOwn calculation
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.001.67

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
DepressionH13ac04aDepressive (f31-33)
Job functioningO01ad03Attitudes to current job
Job satisfactionN02ab01aaSatisfaction with work in nation
Job satisfactionW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole, also classified as above ↑
Marital satisfactionM03ac03Satisfaction with marriage
Parental satisfactionC06ac03Satisfaction with parenting