Findings on happiness in James & Hughes (1982): study GB 1977

Author(s)James, B.; Hughes, P.F.
TitlePsychological Well-Being as an Outcome Variable in the Treatment of Infertility by Clomiphine.
SourceBritish Journal of Medical Psychology, 1982, Vol. 55, 357 -377
PublicFemale fertility patients, Great Britain, 1977-80
 Women suffering from defective ovulation, after treatment with Clomiphine during 12 months; patients of gynaecologists of hospital and private practice.
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive-expert sample
Respondents N =27
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question .. overall happiness during last 12 months..(full question not reported) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Scale labels not reported
Author's labeloverall happiness
Page in publication375
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.342.24

Scores in1234567

Full textSelfreport on 48 questions: SENTENCES Each of the sentences below describes a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling during the past few weeks. A Nothing goes right with me B I feel close to people around me C I feel as though the best years of my life are over D I feel my life is on the right track E I feel loved and trusted F My work gives me a lot of pleasure G I don't like myself H I feel very tense I I feel life isn't worth living J I am content with myself K My past life is filled with failure L Everything I do seems worthwhile M I an't be bothered doing anything N I feel I can do whatever I want to O I have lost interest in other people and don't care about them P Everything is going right for me Q I can express my feelings and emotions towards other people R I'm easy going S I seem to be left alone when I don't want to be T I wish I could change some parts of my life U I seem to have no real drive to do anything V The future looks good W I become very lonely X I can concentrate well on what I'm doing Y I feel out of place Z I think clearly and creatively AA I feel alone AB I feel free and easy AC I smile and laugh a lot AD I feel things are going my way AE The world seems a cold and impersonal place AF I feel I've made a mess of things again AG I feel like hiding away AH I feel confident about decisions I make AI I feel depressed for no apparent reason AJ I feel other people like me AK I feel like a failure AL I feel I'm a complete person AM I'm not sure I'm done the right thing AN My future looks good AO I'm making the most out of my life AP Everything is going right for me AQ I feel unimportant AR I feel as though there must be something wrong with me AS I don't feel like making the effort to do anything AT I feel confident in my dealings with the opposite sex AU I want to hurt those who have hurt me AV The results I have obtained make my efforts worthwhile ADJECTIVES Each of the objectives below describe a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling during the past few weeks; A Confident B Hopeless C Pleasant D Insignificant E Discontented F Healthy G Dejected H Annoyed I Down J Glad K Glowing L Relaxed M Comfortable N Moody O Understood P Blue Q Miserable R Joyful S Tense T Insecure U Shaky V Satisfied W Safe X Successful Y Free Z Sad AA Good-natured AB Impatient AC Rejected AD Lively AE Frustrated AF Fearful AG Lonely AH Warm AI Contented AJ Good AK Secure AL Disappointed AM Understanding AN Depressed AO Low AP Calm AQ Unhappy AR Upset AS Empty AT Enthusiastic AU Happy AV Vibrant Answer options: 0 not at all 1 occasionally 2 some of the time 3 often 4 all of the time Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): mean positive items -Negative Affect Score (NAS): mean negative items -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range - 4 to +4 Name: Kamman's Affectometer 1: version last 12 months
Page in publication375
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -4 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
success of fertility treatmentC03aa02Change in parental status
success of fertility treatmentC02ab01Childlessness voluntary or not, also classified as above ↑
success of fertility treatmentL05abCurrent life-change (assessed by follow up), also classified as above ↑
success of fertility treatmentL06abCurrent life-events (past few years), also classified as above ↑
success of fertility treatmentC02aa01Earlier want for children, also classified as above ↑
success of fertility treatmentH14ad15aaFemale infertility (n97), also classified as above ↑
success of fertility treatmentH17ac09Infertility, also classified as above ↑
success of fertility treatmentB03ac03bPregnant, also classified as above ↑
success of fertility treatmentH17agSucces of medical treatment, also classified as above ↑