Findings on happiness in Halman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981

Author(s)Halman, L.C.; DeMoor, R.A.; Heunks, F.J.; Zanders, H.
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
 Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany-West, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Northern-Ireland , Spain, United Kingdom
Collect period4
Survey nameWorldValuesSurvey 1
 Also knowns as European Value Survey 1
SampleNot available
 Systematic probability samples, each post-stratified by age. Total European sample stratified by sample size of countries and demografic share of countries in European population. COUNTRY N France 1200 Great-Britain 1231 West Germany 1305 Italy 1348 Netherlands 1221 Denmark 1182 Belgium 1145 Spain 2303 Ireland 1217 Northern Ireland 312
Respondents N =12464
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Highly structured
General remarks Part of data were not published in the book but provided on request by the investigator.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labelSatisfacion
RemarksCOUNTRY M SD Ms' France 6.67 2.11 6.30 Great-Britain 7.67 1.91 7.41 West Germany 7.25 1.90 6.94 Italy 6.62 2.52 6.24 Netherlands 7.70 1.63 7.44 NA = 2% Denmark 8.21 1.86 8.01 Belgium 7.37 1.81 7.08 Spain 6.60 2.00 6.22 Ireland 7.82 1.89 7.58 Northern Ireland 7.69 1.91 7.43 EC countries 7.10 2.12 6.78
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation2.12

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: "During the past week, did you ever feel.....?" A So restless that you could not sit long in a chair B Proud, because someone had complimented you C Very lonely or remote from people? D Pleased about having accomplished something E Bored F On top of the world? G Depressed H That things were going your way? I Upset because someone criticized you? J Could not do anything, simply because you could not start? Answer options and scoring: - yes = 1 - no = 0 Summation: Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on B,D F,H Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on A,C,E,G,I,J Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range -6 to +4 Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (adapted version)
Author's labelAffect
Page in publication6.68
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -6 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, would you say you are.....? 4 very happy 3 quite happy 2 not very happy 1 not at all happy.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Affect Balanceshow  O-HL by A-AB
Affect Balanceshow  O-SL by A-AB, also classified as above ↑
Future satisfactionshow  In the near future (up to 5 years)
Having childrenshow  Current parental status
Lack of purposeshow  Meaningful (vs useless)
Male sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Number of childrenshow  Number of children
Own homeshow  Ownership of current dwelling
Past satisfactionshow  In recent past
Past,present,future discrepancies in satisfactionshow  Retrospective changes in happiness (unspecified)
Professionshow  Current occupation
Religious denominationshow  Current religious denomination
Religious participationshow  Participation in church
Toleranceshow  Attitude to dissimilarity in values
Trust in peopleshow  Trust in people
Trust in peopleshow  Trusting, also classified as above ↑
Type of dwellingshow  Type of current dwelling