Findings on happiness in Smucker Barnwell et al. (2006): study ZZ Anglo-America 2001

Author(s)Smucker Barnwell, S.; Earleywine, M.; Wilcox, R.
TitleCannabis, Motivation, and Life Satisfaction in an Internet Sample.
SourceSubstance Abuse Treatment, Prevention and Policy, 2006, Vol.1, 1 - 9
Public18+ aged, cannabis users and non-users, USA and Canada, 200?
 Age 18 - 81 (M=33,1;SD=13,1). Ethnicitiy: 79% Caucasian, 8% Asian, 6% Latino, 2% mixed-race, 2% African-descent. Countries: 77% US residents,17% Canada, 1% South Africa. 1% UK, 4% outher countries Europe and Middel East. Education:18% (some) high school,31% some college,26% college graduates, 7% some graduate training, 19% advanced degrees.
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability snowball sample
Respondents N =487
 N=244 non-user group N=243 frequent user group (7 days/week)
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: web
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on four questions: Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding. A In most ways my life is close to ideal B The conditions of my life are excellent C I am satisfied with my life D So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life Answers rated: 7 strongly agree 6 agree 5 slightly agree 4 neither agree nor disagree 3 slightly disagree 2 disagree 1 strongly disagree Computation: A+B+C+D Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) (In the original scale item 5 reads: 'If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'. This item is left out in this selection because a positive answer to this question does not necessarily mean that the respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.)
Author's labelSubjective well-being
Page in publication4,6
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 4 - 28On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.23

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Canabis useS13ab07Use of marihuana, hash
MotivationM16abCurrent motivation