Findings on happiness in Moriwaki (1973): study US 1971

Author(s)Moriwaki, S.Y.
TitleSelf-Disclosure, Significant Others and Psychological Well-Being in Old Age.
SourceJournal of Health and Social Behavior, 1973, Vol. 14, 226 -232
Public60+ aged, retirees, Los Angeles County, USA, 1971
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability purposive quota sample of aged persons from two metropolitan health plans, proportionally stratified by marital status. Overrepresentation of health and financially secure Ss; 49% males, 51% females; age 60-84, median age 70.4; median income $ 7200.-
Respondents N =71
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelPsychological well-being.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description  Age difference among elderly
Number of signifi- cant  Total number of intimate ties
Role  Role loss
Supported self- disclosureshow  Opportunities for self-disclosure