Findings on happiness in Moriwaki (1974): study US 1971

Author(s)Moriwaki, S.Y.
TitleThe Affect Balance Scale: A Validity Study with Aged Samples.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1974, Vol. 29, 73 - 78
Public60+ aged, psychiatric cases and controls, Los Angeles, USA, 1971
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 1. Psychiatric outpatients group: Non-probability purposive sample by expert choice of psychiatric outpatients from 2 mental health (controls) clinics during a 4-months period. 2. Normal community subjects: Non-probability purposive sample by expert choice of Lutheran Church members judged to be physically and mentally healthy and without prior psychiatric hospital experience. Age 60+; sample 1 predominantly males (63%), sample 2 predominantly females (63%)
Respondents N =27
 sample 1: N=8, sample 2: N=19
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Structured interview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: "Looking at your present life situation, have you felt....?" (yes/no) A Particularly excited, or interested in something? B So restless that you could not sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Response options scoring - yes = 1 - no = 0 Summation: Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A,C,E,G,I Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores B,D,F,H,J Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's ' Affect Balance Scale' (modified version)
Author's labelPsychological well-being.
Error estimatesEquivalence (data from sample 2): positive affects score x negative affect score: r = -.32 (ns)
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all together: how happy would you say you are? Would you say you are? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelPsychological well-being.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Affect balanceshow  O-HL by A-AB
Mental healthshow  Being in treatment for mental disorder (vs not)
Mental healthshow  Current general mental health , also classified as above ↑
Mental healthshow  In ambulatory treatment, also classified as above ↑