Findings on happiness in Pandey (1971): study US 1969

Author(s)Pandey, C.
TitlePopularity, Rebelliousness and Happiness among Institutionalized Retarded Males.
SourceAmerican Journal of Mental Deficiency, 1971, Vol. 76, 523 - 331
PublicMentally retarded males, hospital, USA, 196?
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability chunk sample of retarded males occupying two wards in a state hospital. Open ward (N = 82): mean age 15.5; average person lived in hospital for 6 years. Closed ward (N = 67): mean age 21 ; average person lived in hospital for 7.5 years.
Respondents N =149
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentMultiple methods
 Structured interview, analysis of hospital records, and staff ratings.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textRating by two independent staff members who were familiar with the patient. 7 happy 6 5 4 3 2 1 depressed
Author's labelHappiness.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Age.A04abCurrent age (in years)
AggressivenessP05aaAggressive, angry
AppearanceA07ab01Ratings of good looks by others
CooperativenessI02acBehavior in institution
CooperativenessL02acCompliance to leaders, also classified as above ↑
CooperativenessP05czSolidary, cooperative, also classified as above ↑
Hearing abilityH14ac02aRestrictions in hearing
Length of institutionalizationI02aa03Length of current stay in institution
Motor ability; general coordinationH14ac02bRestrictions in moving
Peer popularityP10ab01Actual popularity (socio-metrically)
Physical strengthB03ac01bStrength
PopularityP10ab01Actual popularity (socio-metrically)
RaceE04ab03tEthnic status in the USA
Rejection by peersP10ab01Actual popularity (socio-metrically)
Rejection of peersP05cy01Tendency to like people
Restrictiveness of settingH16ab04bIn mental hospital
Restrictiveness of settingI02ab04Living in a home for handicapped, also classified as above ↑
Restrictiveness of settingI03ad02Mental rest-ability, also classified as above ↑
Restrictiveness of settingI02ad01Restrictiveness of setting, also classified as above ↑
SociabilityP10ab02Perceived popularity
SociabilityP05cySociable, also classified as above ↑
SpeechH02abCurrent handicap
SpeechI03ac07Verbal ability, also classified as above ↑
Visual abilityH14ac02cRestrictions in seeing