Findings on happiness in Lewis et al. (1999a): study GB 1999

Author(s)Lewis, C.A.; Joseph, S.; Shevlin, M.E.
TitlePreliminary Normative Data on the Depression Happiness Scale for a Mildly Depressed Group.
SourceNorth American Journal of Psychology, 1999, Vol. 1, 319 - 322
PublicStudents, Northern Ireland and England, 1999
 100 undergraduated students, who participated in previously published study.
Survey nameNot available
 North American Journal of Psychology, 1999, Vol.1, No. 2, 319-322. ISSN 1527 7143
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 Undergraduated students, who participated in previously published study, published in Joseph & Lewis 1998
Respondents N =100
Non Response0
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire completed in class
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 25 questions: A number of statements that people have used to describe how they feel are given below. Read each one and circle the number that best describes how frequently that statement was true for you in the past seven days, including today. Some statements describe positive feelings and some describe negative feelings. You may have experienced both positive and negative feelings at different times in the past week. A I felt sad B I felt I had failed as a person C I felt dissatisfied with my life D I felt mentally alert E I felt disappointed with myself F I felt cheerful G I felt life wasn't worth living H I felt satisfied with my life I I felt healthy J I felt life crying K I felt I had been successful L I felt happy M I felt I couldn't make decisions N I felt unattractive O I felt optimistic about the future P I felt life was rewording Q I felt cheerless R I felt life has a purpose S I felt too tired to do anything T I felt pleased with the way I am U I felt lethargic V I found it easy to make decisions W I felt life was enjoyable X I felt life was meaningless Y I felt run down Answer options: 0 never 1 rarely 2 sometimes 3 often Negative affect score (NAS): A, B, C, E, G, J, M, N, Q, S, U, X, Y. Positive affect score (PAS): D, F, H, I, K, L, O, P, R, T, V, W. Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS + 39 Name: McGreal & Joseph 'Depression-Happiness Scale' (DHS)
Author's labelDepression- Happiness Scale
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 75On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation10.75

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Depressionshow  Depressive (f31-33)