Findings on happiness in Dykstra & Wagner (2007): study DE 1990

Publication
Author(s)Dykstra, P.A.; Wagner, M.
TitlePathway to Childlessness and Late-Life Outcomes.
SourceJournal of Family Issues, 2007, Vol. 26, 1487 - 1517
DOIDOI:10.1177/0192513X07303879
Investigation
Public70-100+ aged, West-Berlin, Germany 1990-1993
 1990-1993
Survey nameNot available
 German data: BASE; a multidisciplinary investigation of old people aged 70 to older than 100 years.
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
 Core-sample selected from probability sample of 70+aged., stratifying by age and sexe. Six agegroups of each 43 men and 43 women were selected, age 70-74, 75-79, 80-84, 85-89, 90-94 and 95+
Respondents N =516
Non Response32%
 1908 people were invited; 32% refused to take part, 2% could not take part. 49% (=928) took part in Intake Assessment.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Interviews in 14 sessions that covered mental and physical health, psychological functioning and social and economic situation.
General remarksFindings of a paralel study in the Netherlands are also reported in this paper as well in Dutch in Dykstra 1998.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on single question: Taken all together, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life in general? 1 very dissatisfied 2 not satisfied 3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied 4 satisfied 5 very satisfied
ClassificationO-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a
Author's labelLife Satisfaction
RemarksMen: M = 3,8 (N=258); Women:M = 3,6 (N=258).
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Mean3.70
Standard deviation


Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Current ageshow  Age difference among elderly
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Life Historyshow  Earlier life (antecedents of happiness)
Life Historyshow  Summed effect of earlier conditions, also classified as above ↑
Loss of childrenshow  Death of children
Loss of childrenshow  Family career (family life-cycle), also classified as above ↑
Loss of childrenshow  Specific earlier life-events, also classified as above ↑
Marital history/first, second, third marriageshow  Earlier life-change
Marital history/first, second, third marriageshow  Still with first spouse, also classified as above ↑
Marital history/single after divorceshow  Earlier life-change
Marital history/single after divorceshow  Ever divorced/separated, also classified as above ↑
Marital history/single after several marriagesshow  Earlier life-change
Marital history/single after several marriagesshow  Earlier marital transitions, also classified as above ↑
Marital history/single after widowhoodshow  Earlier life-change
Marital history/single after widowhoodshow  Ever widowed, also classified as above ↑
Marital history/single after widowhoodshow  Specific earlier life-events, also classified as above ↑
Marital history/single vs in first marriageshow  Life-long single
Never had childrenshow  Earlier life-change
Never had childrenshow  Ever had children (vs not), also classified as above ↑
Never had childrenshow  Family career (family life-cycle), also classified as above ↑
Occupational history, upward mobilityshow  Earlier social mobility
Occupational history, upward mobilityshow  Intra-generational mobility, also classified as above ↑
Occupational history, upward mobilityshow  Occupational career, also classified as above ↑
Retirement career (exit-age)show  Development of one's employment
Retirement career (exit-age)show  Retirement career, also classified as above ↑