Findings on happiness in Halman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981 /1

Author(s)Halman, L.C.; DeMoor, R.A.; Heunks, F.J.; Zanders, H.
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
 Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany-West, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Northern-Ireland , Spain, UK
Collect periodspring
Survey nameWorldValuesSurvey 1
 European Value Survey 1
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
 Systematic probability samples, each post-stratified by age. Total European sample stratified by N and demografic share of countries in European population. COUNTRY N France 1200 Great-Britain 1231 West Germany 1305 Italy 1348 Netherlands 1221 Denmark 1182 Belgium 1145 Spain 2303 Ireland 1217 Northern Ireland 312
Respondents N =12464
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Highly structured
General remarksPart of data were not published in the book but provided on request by the investigator.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, would you say you are.....? 4 very happy 3 quite happy 2 not very happy 1 not at all happy.
Author's labelHappiness
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labelSatisfacion
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly excited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelAffect
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Educationshow  Level of school-education
Family Incomeshow  Household income
Male sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Own home-ECshow  House owned or rented
Religousnessshow  Self-definition as religious
Urban livingshow  Open country vs village
Workshow  Current employment status
Workshow  Hours work, also classified as above ↑