Findings on happiness in Pesznecker & McNell (1975): study US Washington 1970

Author(s)Pesznecker, B.L.; McNell, J.
TitleRelationship among Health Habits, Social Assets, Psychologic Well-Being, Life Change and Alterations in Health Status.
SourceNursing Research, 1975, Vol. 4, 442 - 447
Public18+ aged, general public, Renton, Washington, USA, 197?
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability systematic random sample of households listed in a commercial 'householders' directory, taking one adult per household. Age 18+, mean age 39; 236 males, 300 females; 525 white, 6 black, 5 oriental; 453 married, 54 divorced, 29 single.
Respondents N =536
Non Response55%; 185 unattainable, 12 incomplete, 412 refusals.
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 8 questions: "Here is a list that describes some of the ways people feel at different times. How often do you feel each of these ways?" A Very lonely or remote from other people B Depressed or very unhappy C Bored D So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair E Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why F On top of the world G Particularly excited or interested in something H Pleased about having accomplished something Answer options: 0 never 1 sometimes 2 often Summation: Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on F, G, H Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on A, B, C, D, E Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range -10 to +9 Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (modified version)
Author's labelPsychological well-being.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -10 - 9On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Alterations in health statusshow  Change in physical health
Life changeshow  Summed life-events: standard weights