Findings on happiness in VanHoof & Raaijmakers (2002): study NL 1997

Author(s)VanHoof, A.; Raaijmakers, Q.A.
TitleThe Spatial Integration of Adolescent Identity: Its Relation to Age, Education, and subjective Well-Being.
SourceScandinavian Journal of Psychology, 2002, Vol. 43, 201 - 212
Public12-21 aged, secondary schools, The Netherlands, 1997?
 Early adolescents (low educated): 12-16 years old; early adolescents (high educated): 12-15 years old; late adolescents (high educated): 17-21 years old.
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =294
Non Responsenot reported
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Author's labelSubjective well-being
Page in publication205
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Commitment AMI (Horizontal integration)P05bsInvolved
Commitment AMI (Vertical integration)P05bsInvolved
Commitment U-GIDS (Horizontal integration)S01ac03Involvement in school-work
Commitment U-GIDS (Vertical integration)S01ac03Involvement in school-work
Educational levelE01ab02Level of school-education
Exploration AMI-scale (Horizontal integration)P05bsInvolved
Exploration AMI-scale (Vertical integration)P05bsInvolved
Exploration U-GIDS (Horizontal integration)S01afAttitudes to school
Exploration U-GIDS (Vertical integration)S01afAttitudes to school
Horizontal spatial integration (Horizontal integration)P04abPersonality integration
Vertical spatial integration (Vertical integration)P04abPersonality integration