Findings on happiness in DeJong et al. (1984): study US 1947

Author(s)DeJong, G.F.; Cornwell, G.T.; Hanson, S.L.; Stokes-Shannon, C.
TitleChildless and One Child, but Not by Choice: A Note on Some Long-Term Consequences for Life Satisfaction of Rural-Reared Married Women.
SourceRural Sociology, 1984, Vol. 49, 441 - 451
PublicRural-reared married women, Pennsylvania, USA, followed 1947-1971
Last assesment1973
 T1: 1947, T2: 1957, T3: 1973
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
Respondents N =812
 1947: N=2806; 1971: N=1095
Non Response19,7%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 1947: Self administered questionnaires among 2806 sophomores (including 1492 females) held in 74 primary rural high schools concerning a range of family background and personal attributes; 1957: interviews as the study group was in their mid 20s including life course items such as number of children born and fertility expectations; 1971: follow-up interviews as the study group was approximately 40 years of age including items such as life satisfaction and completed fertility.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are .....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelOverall Happiness
Page in publication443
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Fertility statusL07ac01Actual realization of lifegoals
Fertility statusC02ab01Childlessness voluntary or not, also classified as above ↑
Fertility statusC03abCurrent parental status, also classified as above ↑
Fertility statusC03ad02aNumber of children as planned, also classified as above ↑
Fertility statusP08aaPlanning career, also classified as above ↑