Findings on happiness in Tiggemann & Winefield (1984): study AU 1980

Author(s)Tiggemann, M.; Winefield, A.H.
TitleThe Effects of Unemployment on the Mood, Self-Esteem, Locus of Control, and Depressive Affect of School-Leavers.
SourceJournal of Occupational Psychology, 1984, Vol. 57, 33 - 42
PublicSchool leavers, Australia, 1980-81, followed 1 year
Collect period8
Last assesment1981
 T1: August 1980, before leaving school at the end of 1980; T2: August 1981, after leaving school
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 'self-selected' non-equivalent control group (quasi-experimental design). T1: 12 randomly sampled selected schools. Respondents randomly sampled by classroom, in each of the last 3 years of high school
Respondents N =761
 Only school- leavers at T2 who were employed or unemployed were compared: N=617 employed at T2 (males: N=310, females N=307); N=144 unemployed at T2 (males: N=58, females N=86)
Non Response0
 26,5% drop out at T2 after leaving school
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 T1: August 1980 (when still at school) : questionnaires administered in class; T2: August 1981 (after leaving school): same questionnaire, ubknown how collected
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on single question How often do you feel happy? 4 almost always 3 quite often 2 sometimes 1 never
Author's labelHappy
Page in publication37
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.090.31

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Employed (vs unemployed)E02abCurrent employment status
Employed (vs unemployed)E02aa03Later (un)employment, also classified as above ↑
Employed (vs unemployed)H04ab01aRecent happiness (< 1 year ago), also classified as above ↑