Findings on happiness in Chiriboga (1982a): study US 1969

Author(s)Chiriboga, D.A.
TitleConsistency in Adult Functioning. The Influence of Stress.
SourceAgeing and Society, 1982, Vol. 2, 7 - 29
PublicPeople in transition followed 11 years, metropolis, USA, 1969-1980
 T1:1969, T2:1971, T3:1974, T4:1976, T5:1980
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability purposive samples selected at the beginning of the longitudinal study in 1969: 1. high school seniors (facing college, job, marriage) chunk sample: class of senior high school 2. newly weds (facing parenthood) snowball sample: recruted by respondents and marriage lists 3. middle aged parents (facing empty nest) chunk sample: parents of high school students 4. elderly planning to retire snowball sample: recruted by respondents and organisations
Respondents N =163
 At T1 N was 216
Non ResponseAttrition after 11 years 24%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Lengthy interviews
General remarksAll signs of correlation coefficients changed by us. Same study as described in CHIRI 1977 See also: LOWEN 1975, CHIRI 1984, FISKE 1985/1
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: In general, how happy are you these days .....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
Author's labelOverall happiness
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Earlier and current stressshow  Burden of earlier life-events
Earlier future extensionshow  Orientation on the future
Earlier happinessshow  Long term happiness (< 10 years ago)
Earlier level of incomeshow  Earlier level of income
Earlier number of doctor visitsshow  Earlier medical treatment
Earlier number of doctor visitsshow  Earlier physical health, also classified as above ↑
Earlier number of doctor visitsshow  Visits to doctor, also classified as above ↑
Earlier psychiatric symptoms countshow  Earlier mental health
Earlier religious participationshow  Earlier religion
Earlier self-criticismshow  Earlier self-image
Earlier socioeconomic statusshow  Earlier socio-economic status
Earlier stage of lifeshow  Stage of life
Joint effectsshow  Socio-demographic + health + life-events + personality
Joint effectsshow  Summed effects of earlier + current conditions, also classified as above ↑
Later psychiatric symptoms countshow  Later mental health
Life historyshow  Earlier life (antecedents of happiness)
Timeliness of transitionshow  Timelines of life stage transition