Findings on happiness in Bergsma et al. (2011a): study NL 1996

Author(s)Bergsma, A.; DeGraaf, A.; TenHave, M.; Veenhoven, R.
TitleMost People with Mental Disorders are Happy: A 3-year Follow-Up in the Dutch General Population.
SourceThe Journal of Positive Psychology, 2011, Vol. 6, 253 - 259
Public18-65 aged, general public, The Netherlands, 1996-1998
Last assesment1998
 T0: 1996, T1: 1997, T2: 1998
Survey nameNot available
 Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study
SampleSelection from general population sample
Respondents N =7076
Non ResponseT0 non response: 30%; T1 dropout: 21%; T2 dropout:15%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person? 6 all of the time 5 most of the time 4 a good bit of the time 3 some of the time 2 a little of the time 1 none of the time Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form)
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication796
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 6On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Mental Disordershow  Scores on symptom inventories
Specific Mental Disordershow  Alcoholic (f10)
Specific Mental Disordershow  Anxious (f40), also classified as above ↑
Specific Mental Disordershow  Depressive (f31-33), also classified as above ↑
Specific Mental Disordershow  Disorders due to substance use (f10-f19), also classified as above ↑
Specific Mental Disordershow  Mood (affective) disorders (f30-f39), also classified as above ↑
Specific Mental Disordershow  Scores on symptom inventories, also classified as above ↑