Findings on happiness in Thomas & Chambers (1989): study ZZ East-West pairs 1984

Author(s)Thomas, L.E.; Chambers, K.G.
TitlePhenomenology of Life Satisfaction among Elderly Men: Quantitative and Qualitative Views.
SourcePsychology and Aging, 1989, Vol. 4, 284 - 289
Public70+ aged, highly educated men, New Delhi, India & London, England, 198?
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Noninstitutionalized New Delhi's men were selected on fluency in English (highly educated). Multiple-entry residential sampling. Matched as closely possible in terms of age and occupation. English men were selected from organizations serving the elderly.
Respondents N =100
Non Response5-24%
 English sample: 24% refusal rate. Indian sample: 5% refusal rate.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Two interviews were conducted, 3-4 weeks apart. Open-ended questions encouraged respondents to talk about themselves and their past. Happiness Question was asked in the body of the second interview. The Cantril Self-Anchoring Ladder was administered at the end of the second interview.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Author's labelCantril Self-Anchoring ladder
Page in publication287
RemarksLondon: 7.20 New Delhi: 7.65
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Full textSelfreport on single question: Would you say at the thresent time that you are..? 4 very happy 3 somewhat happy 2 not too happy 1 very unhappy
Author's labelHappiness question
Page in publication287
RemarksLondon: 3.26 New Delhi 3.31
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Nation of ResidenceN10ab02Comparison of specific social categories in nations