Findings on happiness in Bergsma et al. (2011a): study NL 1996 /1

Author(s)Bergsma, A.; DeGraaf, A.; TenHave, M.; Veenhoven, R.
TitleMost People with Mental Disorders are Happy: A 3-year Follow-Up in the Dutch General Population.
SourceThe Journal of Positive Psychology, 2011, Vol. 6, 253 - 259
Public18-65 aged, diagnosed as having mental disorder, Netherlands, 1996
Survey nameNot available
 Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (NEMESIS)
SampleProbability stratified sample
Respondents N =1138
 Selected from general population sample (N = 7076) diagnosed as having a mental disorder. Disorders assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI version 1.1). Administered by trained interviewers.
Non Response30%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person? 6 all of the time 5 most of the time 4 a good bit of the time 3 some of the time 2 a little of the time 1 none of the time Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form)
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication3
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 6On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Ageshow  Current age (in years)
Educationshow  Level of school-education
Emotional functioningshow  Overall selfestimate of mental health
Employmentshow  Current employment status
Gendershow  Sex (male vs female)
Kind of mental disordershow  Anxious (f40)
Kind of mental disordershow  Disorders due to substance use (f10-f19), also classified as above ↑
Kind of mental disordershow  Mood (affective) disorders (f30-f39), also classified as above ↑
Living with partnershow  Current intimate relationships
Number of mental disordersshow  Current general mental health
Physical functioningshow  Global health rating
Social functioningshow  Restrictions to social functioning
Urbanicity of place of residenceshow  Rural vs urban dwelling