Findings on happiness in Bergsma et al. (2011a): study NL 1996 /1

Author(s)Bergsma, A.; DeGraaf, A.; TenHave, M.; Veenhoven, R.
TitleMost People with Mental Disorders are Happy: A 3-year Follow-Up in the Dutch General Population.
SourceThe Journal of Positive Psychology, 2011, Vol. 6, 253 - 259
Public18-65 aged, diagnosed as having mental disorder, Netherlands, 1996
Survey nameNot available
 Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (NEMESIS)
SampleProbability stratified sample
Respondents N =1138
 Selected from general population sample (N = 7076) diagnosed as having a mental disorder. Disorders assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI version 1.1). Administered by trained interviewers.
Non Response30%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person? 6 all of the time 5 most of the time 4 a good bit of the time 3 some of the time 2 a little of the time 1 none of the time Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form)
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication3
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 6On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Emotional functioningH13ab02aOverall selfestimate of mental health
EmploymentE02abCurrent employment status
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Kind of mental disorderH13ac05aAnxious (f40)
Kind of mental disorderH13ac02Disorders due to substance use (f10-f19), also classified as above ↑
Kind of mental disorderH13ac04Mood (affective) disorders (f30-f39), also classified as above ↑
Living with partnerI07abCurrent intimate relationships
Number of mental disordersH13abCurrent general mental health
Physical functioningH14ab02aGlobal health rating
Social functioningH14ac02dRestrictions to social functioning
Urbanicity of place of residenceL13ab02bRural vs urban dwelling