Findings on happiness in Chiriboga (1989): study US 1969

Author(s)Chiriboga, D.A.
TitleStress and Loss in Middle Age.
SourceKalish, R.A., Ed.: "Midlife Loss: Coping Strategies.", Sage, 1989, London, UK, 42 - 88
PublicPeople in transition, followed 4 years, metropolis, USA, 1969-1980
Last assesment1980
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability purposive samples selected at the beginning of the longitudinal study in 1969. 1. highschool seniors (facing college, job, marriage) chunk sample: class of senior high school 2. newly weds (facing parenthood) snowball sample: recruted by respondents and marriage lists 3. middle aged parents ( facing empty nest) chunk sample: parents of high school students 4. elderly planning to retire snowball sample: recruted by respondents and organisations In the present study only includes group 2 and 3 (both middle aged).
Respondents N =163
 At T1 N was 216
Non ResponseAttrition after 11 years 24%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Lengthy interviews
General remarksSame study as described in CHIRI 1971, 1977 and 1982. See also: Lowen 1975, CHIRI 1984, FISKE 1985/1
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 8 questions. "During the past week, did you ever feel.....?" A very lonely B restless C bored D depressed E on top of the world F excited or interested G pleased about accomplishment H proud Answer options: 1 never 2 once 3 several times 4 often Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): E+F+G+H -Negative Affect Score (NAS): A+B+C+D -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS-NAS+13 Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (modified version)
Author's labelAffect Balance Score
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Future happinessshow  Long term happiness (< 10 years ago)
Future happinessshow  Past happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago), also classified as above ↑