Findings on happiness in Nawijn (2011): study 2009

Author(s)Nawijn, J.
TitleDeterminants of Daily Happiness on Vacation.
SourceJournal of Travel Research, 2011, Vol. 50, 559 - 566
PublicInternational tourists visiting the Netherlands, 2009
 Tourists from 51 different nationalities
Collect period4-6
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
 Questionnaires distributed at major venues for international tourists
Respondents N =466
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire completed on the spot
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 8 questions: frequent one experienced in the past few weeks.. A happy B satisfied C contented D cheerful E sorry F sad G depressed H dissatisfied Rated for applicability: 4 definitely 3 slightly 2 slightly not 1 definitely not Summation: (A+B+C+D) - (E+F+G+H) Name: Hedonic Tone (HT) subscale of UWIST mood adjective checklist (Mathews et. al. 1990)
Author's labelAffect balance
Page in publication560
RemarksPA: M = 4.74; NA: M = 1.09
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -12 - 12On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Attitude toward the travel partyA02ac10Socializing
Colleagues as travel partyA02ac14Vacationing
Holiday stressA02ac14Vacationing
Other type of holidayA02ac14Vacationing