Findings on happiness in Costa et al. (1985): study US 1958

Author(s)Costa, P.T.; McCrae, R.R.; Zonderman, A.B.
TitleLongitudinal Course of Social Support among Men in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging.
SourceSarason, I.G., Sarason, B.R., Eds.: "Social Support", Martinus Nijhof, 1985, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 137 - 154
PublicMarried males, followed 12 years Baltimore, USA, 1958-1970
Last assesment1970
 T1:1958, T2:1964, T3:1970
Survey nameNot available
 Baltimore longitudinal Study of Aging.
SampleNot available
 Non-probality accidental sample of volunteers. Ss were in general white and highly educated. Average age at T1 40 years.
Respondents N =196
Non ResponseAttrition T1-T3: 82%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Closed questions
General remarksAlthough the study is longitidinal, correlations with happiness-items are only given for T1.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel about what you have accomplished in life...? 3 well satisfied 2 reasonable satisfied 1 dissatisfied:
Author's labelSatisfaction with accomplishments
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
Quality of family & marriageshow  Earlier family-climate
Quality of family & marriageshow  Satisfaction with earlier marriage-relationship(s), also classified as above ↑
Quantity and qualityof friendshipsshow  Attitudes to friendship
Social participationshow  Attendance to meetings