Findings on happiness in Botwinick & Storandt (1974): study US St. Louis County, Missouri 1969

Author(s)Botwinick, J.; Storandt, M.
TitleMemory, Related Functions and Age.
SourceThomas C. Publisher, 1974, Springfield, Illinois, USA
Public20-80 aged, general public, metropolitan St. Louis area, USA, 197?
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 10 men and 10 women in 6 age groups: 21-29, 30-39, 40-49, 51-57, 60-69, 70-80. as homogenous with respect ot their socioeconomic backgrounds as possible; all but three from the metropolitan St. Louis area. Participants recruited from various sources: church, community organizations, retirement home, students in evening classes and acquaintances of university staff.
Respondents N =120
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on single question: Some people seem to be quite happy and satisfied with their lives, while others seem quite unhappy and dissatisfied. Now look at the ladder. Suppose that a person who is entirely satisfied with his life would be at the top of the ladder, and a person who is extremely dissatisfied with his life at the bottom of the ladder. Where would you put yourself on the ladder at the present stage of your life in terms of how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with your personal life?, Circle the number 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Author's labelLife satisfaction scale
Page in publication49
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's label Our subject description
ageshow  Current age (in years)
Clinical impressionshow  Overall selfestimate of mental health
Clinical impressionshow  Test-intelligence, also classified as above ↑
Control ratingshow  Inner locus of control
Copying digitsshow  Test-intelligence
Crossing-offshow  Test-intelligence
educationshow  Years schooling
Health ratingshow  Global health rating
Health ratingshow  Test-intelligence, also classified as above ↑
sexshow  Sex (male vs female)
Slow writingshow  Test-intelligence
Trailmaking Ashow  Test-intelligence
Trailmaking Bshow  Test-intelligence
Vocabularyshow  Test-intelligence
VOT (Hooper)show  Test-intelligence